Society in America

Society of the United States
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Some aspects of American culture codify racism. For example, the prevailing idea in American culture , perpetuated by the media, has been that black features are less attractive or desirable than white features. The idea that blackness was ugly was highly damaging to the psyche of African Americans, manifesting itself as internalized racism. In the years after the September 11th terrorist attacks , discrimination against Arabs and Muslims in the U.

The American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee ADC reported an increase in hate speech, cases of airline discrimination, hate crimes, police misconduct and racial profiling.

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Section of the act provides the government with "sweeping new powers to detain immigrants and other foreign nationals indefinitely with little or no due process at the discretion of the Attorney General. As the United States is a diverse nation, it is home to numerous organization and social groups and individuals may derive their group affiliated identity from a variety of sources. Many Americans, especially white collar professionals belong to professional organizations such as the APA, ASA or ATFLC [ citation needed ] , although books like Bowling Alone indicate that Americans affiliate with these sorts of groups less often than they did in the s and s.

Today, Americans derive a great deal of their identity through their work and professional affiliation, especially among individuals higher on the economic ladder. Recently professional identification has led to many clerical and low-level employees giving their occupations new, more respectable titles, such as "Sanitation service engineer" instead of "Janitor.

Additionally many Americans belong to non-profit organizations and religious establishments and may volunteer their services to such organizations.

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The society of the United States is based on Western culture, and has been developing since Today the United States of America is an ethnically and racially diverse country as a result of large-scale immigration from many different countries. Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg.

The Rotary Club , the Knights of Columbus or even the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals are examples of such non-profit and mostly volunteer run organizations. Ethnicity plays another important role in providing some Americans with group identity, [19] especially among those who recently immigrated. Many American cities are home to ethnic enclaves such as a Chinatown and Little Italies which still remain in some cities.

Local patriotism may be also provide group identity. For example, a person may be particularly proud to be from California or New York City, and may display clothing from a local sports team. Combined, profession, ethnicity, religious, and other group affiliations have provided Americans with a multitude of options to derive group based identity from. Americans, by and large, are often fascinated by new technology and new gadgets.

There are many within the United States that share the attitude that through technology, many of the evils in the society can be solved. Examples include: the lightbulb , the airplane , the transistor , nuclear power , the personal computer , video games and online shopping , as well as the development of the Internet.

The American Context of Civil Society

By comparison with Japan , however, only a small fraction of electronic devices make it to sale in the US, and household items such as toilets are rarely festooned with remotes and electronic buttons as they are in some parts of Asia. Automobiles play a great role in American culture, whether it is in the mundane lives of private individuals or in the areas of arts and entertainment. The rise of suburbs and the desire for workers to commute to cities brought about the popularization of automobiles.

The culture in the s and s often catered to the automobile with motels and drive-in restaurants. Americans tend to view obtaining a driver's license as a rite of passage. Outside of a relative few urban areas, it is considered a necessity for most Americans to own and drive cars. New York City is the only locality in the United States where more than half of all households do not own a car.

American attitudes towards drugs and alcoholic beverages have evolved considerably throughout the country's history. During the nineteenth century, alcohol was readily available and consumed, and no laws restricted the use of other drugs. A movement to ban alcoholic beverages, called the Prohibition movement, emerged in the late-nineteenth century.

Several American Protestant religious groups, as well as women's groups such as the Women's Christian Temperance Union , supported the movement. In , Prohibitionists succeeded in amending the Constitution to prohibit the sale of alcohol. Although the Prohibition period did result in lowering alcohol consumption overall, banning alcohol outright proved to be unworkable, as the previously legitimate distillery industry was replaced by criminal gangs which trafficked in alcohol.

Prohibition was repealed in States and localities retained the right to remain "dry", and to this day, a handful still do. During the Vietnam War era, attitudes swung well away from prohibition. Commentators noted that an eighteen-year-old could be drafted into the military to fight in a war overseas, but could not buy a beer.

#A02c: Victorian America: Society in 1880's America

Most states lowered the legal drinking age to eighteen. Since , the trend has been toward greater restrictions on alcohol and drug use.

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The focus this time, however, has been to criminalize behaviors associated with alcohol, rather than attempt to prohibit consumption outright. New York was the first state to enact tough drink-driving laws in ; since then all other states have followed suit. A " Just Say No to Drugs" movement replaced the more libertine ethos of the s. Since the late nineteenth century, baseball is regarded as the national sport ; football , basketball , and ice hockey are the country's three other leading professional team sports.

College football and basketball also attract large audiences. Football is now by several measures the most popular spectator sport in the United States.

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Boxing and horse racing were once the most watched individual sports, but they have been eclipsed by golf and auto racing , particularly NASCAR. Tennis and many outdoor sports are also popular. The types of food served at home vary greatly and depend upon the region of the country and the family's own cultural heritage.

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The body of the deceased may be embalmed and dressed in fine clothing if there will be an open-casket viewing. Nearly 30 million native speakers of Spanish also reside in the US. Hispanic Americans also faced segregation and other types of discrimination; they were regularly subject to second class citizen status, in practice if not by law. This adjustment significantly reduced the American deficit, especially among students on the bottom rungs of the resource ladder. The Rotary Club , the Knights of Columbus or even the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals are examples of such non-profit and mostly volunteer run organizations. In the first webinar session, we will discuss our first task in dealing with these numerous… Read More.

Recent immigrants tend to eat food similar to that of their country of origin, and Americanized versions of these cultural foods, such as American Chinese cuisine or Italian-American cuisine often eventually appear; an example is Vietnamese cuisine , Korean cuisine and Thai cuisine. Different regions of the United States have their own cuisine and styles of cooking. The state of Louisiana, for example, is known for its Cajun and Creole cooking. Cajun and Creole cooking are influenced by French, Acadian, and Haitian cooking, although the dishes themselves are original and unique.

Italian, German, Hungarian and Chinese influences, traditional Native American, Caribbean, Mexican and Greek dishes have also diffused into the general American repertoire.

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It is not uncommon for a 'middle-class' family from 'middle-America' to eat, for example, restaurant pizza, home-made pizza, enchiladas con carne, chicken paprikas, beef stroganof and bratwurst with sauerkraut for dinner throughout a single week. Apart from professional business attire, clothing in the United States is eclectic and predominantly informal. While Americans' diverse cultural roots are reflected in their clothing, particularly those of recent immigrants, cowboy hats and boots and leather motorcycle jackets are emblematic of specifically American styles.

Blue jeans were popularized as work clothes in the s by merchant Levi Strauss , a Jewish-German immigrant in San Francisco, and adopted by many American teenagers a century later. They are now widely worn on every continent by people of all ages and social classes. Along with mass-marketed informal wear in general, blue jeans are arguably U. Education in the United States is provided mainly by government, with control and funding coming from three levels: federal , state , and local.

School attendance is mandatory and nearly universal at the elementary and high school levels often known outside the United States as the primary and secondary levels. Students have the options of having their education held in public schools , private schools , or home school. In most public and private schools, education is divided into three levels: elementary school , junior high school also often called middle school , and high school. In almost all schools at these levels, children are divided by age groups into grades.

Post-secondary education , better known as "college" or "university" in the United States, is generally governed separately from the elementary and high school system. In the year , there were Of these, 72 percent aged 12 to 17 were judged academically "on track" for their age enrolled in school at or above grade level. Of those enrolled in compulsory education, 5.

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Among the country's adult population, over 85 percent have completed high school and 27 percent have received a bachelor's degree or higher. The primary, although not official, language of the United States is English. Nearly 30 million native speakers of Spanish also reside in the US. There are more than languages besides English which can claim native speakers in the United States—some of which are spoken by the indigenous peoples about living languages and others which were imported by immigrants.