Allied Measures During this time, the Allies were fortunate to recover some crashed Me airframes which were hauled back off to England for stringent testing and evaluation. Additional information was streamed from French Me factories by employees which helped to fill in some of the technical gaps of the aircraft.
Engineers estimated several qualities about the new German fighter which were not far off from actual performance figures. This did provide the Allies with a window into the advanced nature of the German program and helped compare the type to in-development models in Britain and America that would someday soon meet up with the Me in the skies over Europe. With no counter-product quite yet available, however, it was found that conventional Allied fighters needed to engage the Me during its more vulnerable take-off or landing phase as the engines were unsuitable for quick reaction measures by the German pilots.
Allied bomber formations were more or less as the mercy of the fast-flying German interceptor - as were their escort aircraft. Conventional fighters could only outmaneuver the Me However, the challenge still lay with the Me pilot and his new mount. The Me s operated exceedingly fast for the period and bomber formations were quick to disappear from the gun sight of the incoming Me The Me pilot had to become rather precise on his initial approach lest the formation become alerted to the impending threat and attacks were begun from above and conducted through a dive.
Exceeding dive speeds also held the risk that the wings could break free of the design. As a bomber, the long nose of the Me limited dive bombing by not providing an adequate view on the target. This, coupled with dangerous approach speeds, make dive bombing a harrowing - though still possible - affair. Pilots simply were taught to drop their bombs above 3, feet to allow for the necessary altitude to recover in a climb. Me Production Me production was largely influenced by the Allied bombing campaign to the point that fabrication and final assembly lines were constructed in secret, camouflaged forested locations away from industrial collections to help keep aircraft deliveries from becoming regularly disrupted.
This process allowed the aircraft to be wholly built in one location, towed outside for gun and engine testing, and then rolled to a nearby awaiting Autobahn stretch. The highways were then used as make-shift runways with the aircraft now free to fly off to its final delivery point - a German airfield - for official service. This process was not always possible due to the Allied bombing campaign, however, and many facilities fell under the bombs of the enemy.
Other incomplete airframes - delayed by late-arriving engines - were strafed while waiting in the open. Still others were destroyed en route on trains when rail transport was the call of the day. Those aircraft that remained at factories sure to fall to the Allied advanced were often stripped of their usefulness and destroyed by the Germans on retreat lest they fall into the hands of the enemy.
Many Me s were photographed during these advances with all manner of damage to the airframe and nose landing gear leg. The gun pack in the nose - installed as a whole unit - was usually removed and shipped to be reused elsewhere. Engines were also removed with the hope that they could be used in other aircraft.
Total production of Me s is said to have reached over 1, aircraft with some also occurring in Czechoslovakia engines and airframes. While a seemingly impressive mark considering the German war situation by , operational levels never peaked beyond aircraft due to the bombing raids, logistical issues in delivering the aircraft, and a limited stock of parts, workers, and pilots.
Many of the available models were the fighter form with few reconnaissance, night fighter, and training mounts at hand. Me Production Models Despite its limited production reach, the Me saw a considerable number of variants emerge during its time - some brought about in-the-field and others at Messerschmitt factories.
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The preproduction models began with Me A-0 and twenty-three of these were built all using the Junkers Jumo oo4B turbojet engine. The Me A-1a became the initial production model and operated as both fighter and fighter-bombers. The Me A-2a became the first definitive fighter-bomber form - the "Strumvogel - in service.
Me A-4a became a reconnaissance platform while a more refined reconnaissance model became the Me A-5a by the end of the war. The Me B-1a was a tandem, twin-seat trainer form with dual controls. Post-Production Modifications The Me was evolved as it operated and several kits were developed to help increase the tactical flexibility and prowess of the new fighter. These aircraft were denoted by the "R" number used in their designations.
R1 marked aircraft outfitted with an underfuselage hardpoint for external fuel stores to help increase operational ranges. R2 were aircraft cleared for using Rheinmetall rocket boosters for assisted take-offs and R3 models received BMW rocket boosters. R5 installed 4 x 30mm MK series cannons in the nose. R6 was given bomb sight equipment and bomb racks for the fighter-bomber role.
R7 was cleared to carry 12 x R4M rockets underwing through simple, yet effective, wooden racks being fitted. While armament was typically removed in these, some did hold on to a single 30mm cannon. One was fitted with the 50mm MK autocannon and the other with the BK 5 cannon in the nose. Me A-3a was used to trial a new bombsight.
Me A-3a was a proposed ground-attack model that went nowhere.
Me B-2 became a proposed night fighter development with a lengthened fuselage. Me C-1a trialed rocket-boosting take-offs for the interception role in February of Walter HWK rocket fitted to the tail. The Me C-3 became a proposed rocket-powered interceptor. Me C-3a was another rocket-assisted interceptor form with the Walter HWK S-2 boosted fitted to a belly position. Production of this mark was underway at the end of the war. Me D-1 was a proposed bomber destroyer to be outfitted with oblique-angled mortars for attacking bomber formations from underneath.
Me E-2 was intended to carry the 55mm MK cannon.
Me E-2 was to have underwing provision for up to 48 x R4M explosive rockets. Details if other :.
Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. Douglas C. With its twin tail, the F Eagle is probably the most recognizable military jet fighter in the skies today, and is undoubtedly the most successful jet fighter of all time, having never been shot down in combat. Flown not only by the US Air Force but by the air forces of Israel, Saudi Arabi and even Japan, and, with almost 30 years service, the F is the world's leading With its twin tail, the F Eagle is probably the most recognizable military jet fighter in the skies today, and is undoubtedly the most successful jet fighter of all time, having never been shot down in combat.
Flown not only by the US Air Force but by the air forces of Israel, Saudi Arabi and even Japan, and, with almost 30 years service, the F is the world's leading operational air superiority and interceptor. Steve Davies and Doug Dildy draw on a vast array of sources including combat records, technical documents, and unpublished first-hand accounts from the pilots themselves to tell the story of this amazing plane, detailing such incredible feats as the Israeli F which was successfully landed despite losing a wing.
Containing over breathtaking color photographs and comprising detailed technical information, this definitive history and guide to the world's most successful jet fighter is a "must have" for anyone interested in modern aviation.
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Peloton's hi-tech bike lets you stream live and on demand rides to your home - and it's one of the best examples of fitness technology out there - at a price. A fighter's main purpose is to establish air superiority over a battlefield. They saw a clunker that flew strikes at knots or less. Navy fought each other over future tactical aircraft. Most were biplanes and only rarely monoplanes or triplanes. Because of the bulkiness of these radar sets, they could not be carried on conventional single-engined fighters and instead were typically retrofitted to larger heavy fighters or light bombers such as Germany's Messerschmitt Bf and Junkers Ju 88 , Britain's Mosquito and Beaufighter , and America's A , which then served as night fighters.
Community Reviews. Showing Rating details. More filters. Sort order. Jan 26, Peter Rooijmans added it. Aircraft design is the art of making something workable from a set of competing and conflicting requirements. Limiting the set of basic considerations to a couple of key parameters is generally crucial to make a really succesful design. Limiting and prioritizing the requirements is therefore an important and essential task and an art by itself.